Aeonium arboreum: How to Grow and Care for Black Tree Aeonium

Aeonium arboreum Black Tree Aeonium

Scientific name: Aeonium arboreum

Common name: Black Tree Aeonium

This tall dark red and green plant is almost black when grown in full sun. It becomes bushy when allowed to grow and spread outside. It gives an excellent contrast to lighter colored plants.

Quick Look at Aeonium arboreum

  • Full sun
  • Needs more water than a typical succulent
  • Plant grows up to 4′ (1.2 m) tall
    Rosettes grow up to 8″ (20 cm) wide
  • Zone 9a (Minimum 20° F | -6.7° C)
  • Not cold hardy
  • Propagation by cuttings
  • Generally non-toxic to humans and animals
  • Summer Dormant

General Care for Aeonium arboreum ‘Zwartkop’

It can take several years for a flower to show up. You can expect to see yellow flowers when it does bloom.

It is deer-proof.


Zwartkop tends to need more water than other plants. The “soak and dry” method will allow the soil to dry out completely between watering.

Where to Plant

If you live in a zone that gets colder than 30 F, it’s best to plant aeonium arboreum in a container that can be brought indoors. It has a deep color in the full sun.

There is an area of your garden that gets 6 hours of sunlight a day.

How to Propagate Aeonium arboreum ‘Zwartkop’

It is best to grow aeonium arboreum from cuttings. As the stem grows taller, the lower leaves will fall off and leave a bare stem. You can behead the rosette as it grows.


To behead Zwartkop, use a sterile knife or scissors. Allow the main plant’s stem to callous for several days before placing it on well-draining soil. Water whenever the soil has dried out.


  1. Aeonium arboreum (Black Tree Aeonium) – Wikipedia

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