Though coral may look like a colorful plant growing from roots in the seafloor, it is actually an animal. Corals are known as colonial organisms, because many individual creatures live and grow while connected to each other.
Keeping this in consideration, how does coral grow in the ocean?
Coral reefs begin to form when free-swimming coral larvae attach to submerged rocks or other hard surfaces along the edges of islands or continents. … If a fringing reef forms around a volcanic island that sinks completely below sea level while the coral continues to grow upward, an atoll forms.
Also to know is, what plants live in the sea?
The types of ocean plants are kelp, seaweed, Seagrass, red algae, phytoplankton, corals and algae. Marine plants are divided into three types: euphotic or sunli, disphotic or twilight and aphotic or midnight depending upon the amount of sunlight needed for their survival and growth.
What does coral do for the ocean?
Coral reefs provide a buffer, protecting our coasts from waves, storms, and floods. Corals form barriers to protect the shoreline from waves and storms. The coral reef structure buffers shorelines against waves, storms, and floods, helping to prevent loss of life, property damage, and erosion.
Corals are found all over the world’s oceans, from the Aleutian Islands off the coast of Alaska to the warm tropical waters of the Caribbean Sea. The biggest coral reefs are found in the clear, shallow waters of the tropics and subtropics.
In the case a photosynthetic coral, it not only has to breathe for itself but it must also support the respiration of the zooxanthellae living within it. Water flow, therefore, is more important to coral health than light, since corals will stress or die much more quickly when flow is inadequate.
Coral reefs can be found in tropical destinations around the world, mostly in areas around the equator where the water is warmer.