Succulent Karoo: An Arid Biodiversity Hotspot
At approximately 111 000 km in size, the Succulent Karoo is the fourth largest biome in southern Africa, smaller only than the savanna, Nama-Karoo and grassland biomes.
Considering this, where is the Succulent Karoo?
Beside above, what plants are in the Succulent Karoo?
Notable plant species found in this hotspot include the botterboom (Tylecodon paniculatus), a stem succulent that has glossy leaves in winter and red flowers in summer, and the halfmens (“half human”) (Pachypodium namaquanum), a stem succulent endemic to the Richtersveld that can grow up to four meters tall.
What is a Karoo landscape?
Karoo, also spelled Karroo, arid to semiarid geographic region of Eastern Cape, Western Cape, and Northern Cape provinces, South Africa. The Karoo is best defined by its vegetation, which consists of assorted succulents and low scrub bushes spaced from one foot to several feet apart.
The California Floristic Province is a world biodiversity hotspot as defined by Conservation International, due to an unusually high concentration of endemic plants: approximately 8,000 plant species in the geographic region, and over 3,400 taxa limited to the CFP proper, as well as having lost over 70% of its primary …
Climate. The climate tends to be volatile and very harsh. Droughts are frequent with rain primarily falling in the summer. Rainfall can also be varied with it fluctuating between 100 and 520 millimetres (3.94 and 20.47 in) per year.
The savannas of South Africa cover more than a third of the country, curling up from the arid Kalahari through Free State, North West and Gauteng, fattening around Limpopo and the western edge of Mpumalanga, then extending over the Drakensberg and down through KwaZulu-Natal into Eastern Cape.
75 percent of the conservation targets set in the SKEP process for 135 vegetation types will be protected and conserved. … Sites in the Succulent Karoo hotspot that house unique, endemic and globally threatened species will be identified and protected.
The East Melanesian Islands include the island nations of Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands plus the islands region of Papua New Guinea. The hotspot is one of the most geographically complex areas on Earth, with a diverse range of islands of varying age and development.
Common animals include the Bat-Eared Fox, Ostrich, Spring Hare, tortoises and Brown Locust. The Riverine Rabbit is a threatened species found in the Nama Karoo.