Succulent identification: The aloe vera is a spiky succulent with easily identifiable bluish-green thick fleshy stems containing a gel-like substance. Look for tooth-like jaggy spikes along the pointed leaf margins.
Hereof, how do I know what kind of succulent I have?
Here are some of the plant characteristics to look for when identifying succulents:
- Leaf – shape, size and thickness.
- Color – of leaves, flowers or stems.
- Markings or bumps on the leaves.
- Flower – shape, color, number of blooms and petals.
- Stem – color, texture, length.
- Ciliate hairs.
- Epicuticular wax.
- Spikes, spines or smooth.
Keeping this in view, what NPK is best for succulents?
Whilst some plants need higher or lower ratios of each of these macro-nutrients, I find that using a succulent and cactus fertilizer with a balanced N-P-K ratio of 5-5-5 is sufficient for their needs throughout the growing season.
What succulent is purple?
Echeveria ‘Dusty Rose’ is one of the purple succulents that form fast-growing rosettes of wide, powdery violet leaves. The beautiful color of these succulents only gets better with more sunlight!
Echeveria have rounded, plump leaves that are so typical of succulents. They often end in a sharp point like a spike. “But Sempervivums are also rounded and spiky!” That’s true – the distinction is made by comparing their plumpness. Echeveria are usually noticeably thicker.
A great option for identification is an app put together by my friend Jacki at Drought Smart Plants called Succulent ID. You can look at different genera of succulents or search through photos based on characteristics of your succulent.
Full grown succulents don’t actually like to be misted. They thrive in arid climates, so when you mist them, you are changing the humidity around the plant. This can lead to rot as well. Use misting for propagation babes to lightly provide water to their delicate little roots.
We typically consider plants rated USDA Zone 9 (20 to 30 F) and above to be Soft Succulents, but some plants in the category go as low as Zone 7 (0 to 10 F). All Soft Succulents can be grown outside in frost free areas (USDA Zone 10+). In colder zones, they can be grown in containers and moved inside for the winter.
We tend to think of succulents as plants for arid, desert climates, but there are a number of hardy succulents that tolerate chilly winters in zone 6, where temperatures can drop as low as -5 F. (-20.6 C.). In fact, a few can survive punishing winter climates as far north as zone 3 or 4.
Some hardy succulents for zone 3 & 4 include Sedum Stonecrop and some Sempervivum genus such as Sempervivum Red Lion and Sempervivum Mahogany.