The Succulent Karoo is notable for the world’s richest flora of succulent plants, and harbours about one-third of the world’s approximately 10,000 succulent species. 40% of its succulent plants are endemic. The region is extraordinarily rich in geophytes, harbouring approximately 630 species.
Simply so, why is Succulent Karoo a biodiversity hotspot?
The rich biodiversity of the Succulent Karoo hotspot is due to an extensive and complex array of habitat types derived from topographical and climatic diversity in the region’s rugged mountains, semi-arid shrublands and coastal dunes.
Also to know is, is Succulent Karoo a semi desert?
Stretching from Namibia down the west coast of South Africa, the Succulent Karoo is a vast, semi-arid desert, with sweeping vistas, mountain ranges, ancient rock formations, wild coastlines and clouds of stars arching overhead at night.
What animals live in the Nama Karoo?
Common animals include the Bat-Eared Fox, Ostrich, Spring Hare, tortoises and Brown Locust. The Riverine Rabbit is a threatened species found in the Nama Karoo.
The perennial plants survive the dry season by using water stored in the leaves or stems. These plants are called succulents. reducing the number of stomata. The non-succulent perennials have very small leaves to reduce water loss by transpiration.
Reptile diversity is relatively high in the Succulent Karoo, with more than 90 species, about 15 of which are endemic.
Fog and dew may provide a vital source of moisture for many of the rare succulent shrubs that are limited to the fog belt along our arid West Coast.