Notable plant species found in this hotspot include the botterboom (Tylecodon paniculatus), a stem succulent that has glossy leaves in winter and red flowers in summer, and the halfmens (“half human”) (Pachypodium namaquanum), a stem succulent endemic to the Richtersveld that can grow up to four meters tall.
Just so, where is the Succulent Karoo biome?
Also, what biome is the Karoo?
What makes the Succulent Karoo special?
The Succulent Karoo is notable for the world’s richest flora of succulent plants, and harbours about one-third of the world’s approximately 10,000 succulent species. 40% of its succulent plants are endemic. The region is extraordinarily rich in geophytes, harbouring approximately 630 species.
The rich biodiversity of the Succulent Karoo hotspot is due to an extensive and complex array of habitat types derived from topographical and climatic diversity in the region’s rugged mountains, semi-arid shrublands and coastal dunes.
The majority of the Succulent Karoo biome has a relatively mild climate with a strong maritime influence. Most of the region has winter rainfall, with the eastern Little Karoo experiencing year round precipitation. Mean annual precipitation for most vegetation units across the biome is from 100-200 mm.
Karoo, also spelled Karroo, arid to semiarid geographic region of Eastern Cape, Western Cape, and Northern Cape provinces, South Africa. The Karoo is best defined by its vegetation, which consists of assorted succulents and low scrub bushes spaced from one foot to several feet apart.
Fynbos vegetation can be found throughout Table Mountain National Park, Western Cape, South Africa. Although the Fynbos is known for its plants, the region is also home to a diverse number of unique animal species.