n. 1. A part cut off from a main body. 2. A part, such as a stem, leaf, or root, removed from a plant to propagate a new plant, as through rooting or grafting.
Considering this, what is an example of a Stolon?
Stolons are a type of stem that plants have and are usually born at the base of the main stems. … They are weak stems that are dragging through the earth and are generating new roots with which they will produce new plants. The most common example is strawberry and mint.
Beside this, what are the three most common types of plant cuttings?
Types of Stem Cuttings. The four main types of stem cuttings are herbaceous, softwood, semi-hardwood, and hardwood. These terms reflect the growth stage of the stock plant, which is one of the most important factors influencing whether or not cuttings will root.
What plants use cutting?
Plants which can be successfully propagated from leaf cuttings include the following:
- African violet.
- Begonia rex.
- Cactus (particularly varieties producing “pads” like Bunnies Ears)
- Crassula (Jade Plant)
- Plectranthus (Swedish Ivy)
There are two main types of stem cuttings: Softwood cuttings (leafed cuttings) are young soft succulent cuttings with leaves (sometimes pruned). Hardwood cuttings are made of matured, dormant hardwood after the leaves have been shed. Tip cuttings possess terminal buds; basal cuttings are without terminal buds.
Runners are specialized aerial stems, a natural agent of increase and spread for such plants as the strawberry, strawberry geranium, and bugleweed (Ajuga).
A stolon is a stem that grows along the ground surface. Adventitious roots are produced at the nodes, and buds on the runner can develop into upright shoots, and separate plants can be formed, e.g. strawberry plants (Fig. 1.18).
Examples of rhizomes include bamboos, ginger, turmeric, and others.
- Bulbs are underground and considered the resting period of many plants.
- These are formed by covering one or more buds with different layers of leaves or membranous structures with a short stem.
Vegetative propagation is a type of asexual reproduction that produces progeny by any vegetative propagule (rhizome, tubers, suckers etc.) without gamete formation and fertilization of male and female gametes. For example, Tuber of potato, the rhizome of ginger.
Runners. Also known as stolons, runners are modified stems that, unlike rhizomes, grow from existing stems just below the soil surface. As they are propagated, the buds on the modified stems produce roots and stems.
There are several ways of vegetative propagation. The three main types in forest tree propagation are grafting, air-layering and the use of cuttings. The three types are referred to as macropropagation, as alternative to micropropagation or tissue culture.